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Separated from Europe by the
Mediterranean Sea, Africa is joined to Asia at its northeast
extremity by the Isthmus of Suez (transected by the Suez Canal), 130
km wide. From the most northerly point, Cape Blanc (Ra’s al Abyad)
in Tunisia, to the most southerly point, Cape Agulhas in South
Africa, is a distance approximately of 8,000 km; from Cape Verde,
the westernmost point, to Ras Hafun in Somalia, the most easterly
projection, is a distance (also approximately) of 7,400 km. The
coastline is 26,000 km long, and the absence of deep indentations of
the shore is shown by the fact that Europe, which covers only
9,700,000 km2, has a coastline of 32,000 km.